Gum disease is one of the leading causes of adult tooth loss. It begins with gingivitis, where the bacteria in plaque buildup causes the gums to become inflamed and bleed easily. During this early stage, no irreversible bone or tissue damage has occurred yet. Though left untreated, it will progress to periodontitis, where the inner layer of gum and bone pulls away from the teeth and creates pockets. Food particles and debris can form in these pockets and become infected. If you notice any signs of gum disease, we highly recommend seeing your dentist before any further complications arise.

Common Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Bad breath
  • Gums that bleed during tooth brushing
  • Red, tender, or swollen gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets between teeth and gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth

Causes of Gum Disease

  • Plaque buildup
  • Hormonal changes
  • Illnesses
  • Medications that affect oral health
  • Smoking
  • Poor oral hygiene habits

Dr. Carmichael Dentistry

We can promote reattachment of healthy gums and teeth, stop disease progression, and reduce swelling and infection risk. Our treatment options depend on the disease’s stage. When proper plaque control is practiced, gingivitis can be reversed, and gum diseases’ progression can be stopped. This includes brushing your teeth with toothpaste that contains fluoride twice a day, flossing once a day, and rinsing with antiseptic mouthwash 1-2 times a day. Visit your dentist twice a year for professional cleaning to remove plaque and check your oral health for any problems. If you’d like to schedule your next dental appointment with Dr. Carmichael, give us a call at (858) 484-2560 or contact us on our website!